The most important factor in constructing a long-lasting civil or commercial structure is the material used. The quality of the construction material is essential to ensure the durability of the structure. When planning a construction project, the materials must be wisely chosen so that they properly fulfill the desired functions that are expected from them. From cement to TMT rods, here is a checklist of important materials without which any construction project is incomplete:
This is the most basic and one of the most important components for constructing a structure. Basically, bricks are made of clay, mud or ceramic material which are burned in a kiln and then dried to make them hard. Fired bricks are commonly used for constructing homes. These bricks have cavities that help them in drying. These cavities also make them light weight. When constructing homes, these bricks are placed upon each other and reinforced with the mix of cement and sand to make walls, ceiling and other architectural detail of the home.
Cement acts as a binder and is used to bind other construction materials such as bricks or TMT rods together. Cement can be either hydraulic or non-hydraulic. This classification depends largely on the ability of the cement to set with water. Hydraulic cement has adhesive properties and quickly sets with water, even under wet conditions; while non-hydraulic cement won’t set under wet conditions. Hydraulic cement is widely used for constructing home and other structures.
This building material is manufactured by combining aggregate composites and a binder such as cement. The most common type of concrete used for construction is Portland cement concrete which is made using sand, gravel, cement and water. Once these components are mixed properly, the mixture is left to harden and the final product is known as concrete. Concrete has a very low tensile strength and therefore, to strengthen it, construction workers use TMT rod or re-bars. Concrete is highly durable and has better longevity.
4. TMT Rod
TMT rod or TMT bars are widely used construction materials. These are manufactured using processes that include compression, rolling, treating them with heat followed by quenching (using water). The last step hardens its outer layer, giving it superior strength and durability. High quality TMT rods and bars are excellent for ensuring the durability and longevity of your home. Its ribbed exterior helps it to bond with the cement, giving a firm support to the structure. While its super bending ability (due to its soft ferrite-pearlite core) lets the construction workers mould it into various shapes. It is corrosion resistant and is good for earthquake-prone areas.
We’ll cover more such useful construction related content. So, keep watching this space!
The construction industry is a major contributor to the Indian GDP ; it employs about 30 million people in the country. Not only that, this sector also accounts for more than 60% infrastructure investment in the country. By 2017, the Indian government is planning to invest a whopping $ 1 trillion in infrastructure. The Ministry of Roads and transport has already planned a project to develop the roadway network that will cost about $120 billion.
The future looks definitely bright; here we discuss 5 greatest construction projects in India:
1. Chenab River Railway Bridge
This is one of the greatest engineering and construction marvels in India. At a height of 359 metres the Chenab bridge connects Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district of Jammu & Kashmir. This 1.3 kilometres long bridge is a part of the part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Rail link project undertaken by the Indian Railways. It is the world’s highest railway bridge and is expected to complete by early 2019.
2. Gujarat International Finance Tech-City (GIFT)
This industrial hub is designed to furnish the tech and finance organisations with high quality physical infrastructure. This greenfield city is spread over an area of 886 acres and is estimated to be a 70,000 crore project. This city is divided into special economic zones (SEZ), township, hotels, entertainment zone, educational zone and special techno parks. This is still under construction and is a joint venture between Gujarat Urban Development Company Limited and Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services.
3. Eastern Freeway
This freeway connects South Mumbai with the suburbs in the Eastern part of the city. The main goal of this project was to reduce the travel time between these two regions. The project was undertaken by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) and covers a distance of 16.8 kilometres. The freeway constitutes three segments: a tunnel, a 13 kilometres stretch of elevated road and the link road between Ghatkopar and Mulund.
4. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
One of the top ten airports in India, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport manages over 300 flights a day. Earlier it consisted of total three terminal buildings. Including a domestic terminal. However, a few years back, the international terminal was merged with the domestic terminal. Now, it has only one passenger terminal spread on an area of 233,000 m2 . This new integrated terminal has 6 levels and can handle about 20 million passengers per year. Its previous capacity was 4.8 million passengers per year. This modern facility offers modern taxiways.
5. Kathipura Flyover
This is the largest cloverleaf flyover in Asia and is located in Alandur. It is also known as Kathipura Junction grade separator and is one of the most important road junctions in Chennai. This is an intersection of four roads namely ,Inner Ring Road, Grand Southern Trunk Road, Anna Selai and Mount Poonamallee road.
TMT bars are one of the important components in construction of superstructures in India. However, when buying TMT bars, it is important to check the brand to ensure you get the best quality TMT bars.
Outdoor space is as important as indoors. It is where you enjoy a quiet time watching the sunset or watch your kids play to their heart’s content. With simple tools and design ideas, you can create a perfect outdoor space.
If you have a cement patio, keep sleek chairs or a classy bench. Keep a small wooden table and place a few potted plants on it. Arrange the pots in a scattered way instead of clubbing them together. Using colourful pots for holding the plants will add a dash of colour to your outdoor space.
Work on the walls to pep up the look of your outdoor space. Install a trellis along the walls. Use it for hanging decorative items. For brick walls, place a couple of hanging planters and lanterns to take the rustic look several notches higher.
Want a fuss – free outdoor space? Try covering the floor with gravels. You can even use crushed limestone instead of gravels. This way you do not have to mow the grasses regularly. Plant flowers along the edges.
Use warm hues to cover the furniture items. If you’re a “green” loving person then natural hues would be just the right option for you.
Exterior window boxes filled with colourful outdoor plants can amp up your outdoor decor.
This will add an extra layer of colour and comfort to your outdoor decor. Use durable outdoor rugs so that they can withstand wear and tear.
Look for containers around your house and use them as planters. You can use wooden crates, small jars as planters.
Install colourful light fixtures or bistro lights to give your outdoor space a cozy feel.
They not only add style to your outdoor space but also protect you from harsh weather and insects. During summers, you can enjoy the outdoors under the canopies in the yard.
Cover the gaps with colourful sedums. These plants add a pop of colour and are pleasant to eyes.
Did you know that designing your house in certain ways can improve positivity in your life? Yes. Vastu Shastra is an ancient science that tries to harmonize our lives with our surroundings.
Vastu Shastra specifies the rules for constructing your home for maintaining a balance between the Earth, Space, Air, Fire and Water Elements and the zonal strengths of the 16 Vastu zones. A house with bad Vastu shastra brings in emotional & professional woes, bad health & loads of negativity. Before selecting a plot check whether it’s Vastu-compliant or not. Though Vastu is an age old science but its popularity hasn’t faded; more & more people are looking for Vastu-compliant homes, according to a survey by housing.com.
“Four out of every five prospective home buyers would like to know the Vastu (ancient science of architecture as per Hindu tradition) of the property, even before physically checking the property”, the study said. ( source – http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/personal-finance-news/over-90-buyers-prefer-vastu-compliant-homes-survey/articleshow/50077412.cms)
1. The door of your bedroom must open up to ninety degrees. This is for inviting maximum opportunities in your life.
2. Ensure that the bedroom door is made of strong and durable material. According to Vastu, this keeps your private life protected from outside interference.
3. Place your bed in a way that when you sleep, your head points toward the south. It brings positive magnetic energy which flows from north in the body. It will rev up blood flow during sleep.
4. Do not keep mirrors in northern side. According to Vastu, doing this will invite trouble in your life.
1. The south-east and north-west corners of your home are ideal for kitchen.
2. The kitchen door must face north-east, east or north direction.
3. If you cook facing East, it is considered to bring good luck. So, keep the gas or oven in the South-East direction. Also, keep other electrical appliances such as mixer, toaster in the South-East direction of your kitchen.
4. Place the source of drinking water such as pitcher or water filter in the north-east.
1. Your living room should be facing the north-east direction. This attracts positive vibrations.
2. According to Vastu, the south direction belongs to the element “Fire”. So , keep the electrical gadgets such as telephone, television in the south-west direction.
3. Keep the doors of your living room in the north direction. This direction controls the magnetic energy, thereby, attracting people to your house.
4. Keep the floors of the living room at a lower level than the rest of the rooms. This gives a sense of security to your family members.
These Vastu rules can be implemented when you are constructing your home. Following these Vastu tips will help you maintain a perfect balance of natural forces in your home.
Venice is famous for stunning structures and one of them is Ponte Di Rialto or the Rialto Bridge. Located just at the heart of the bustling city, Rialto Bridge is the oldest bridge over the Grand Canal. It connects two of the busiest spots in Venice – San Polo and San Marco.
The view from the bridge offers you an interesting perspective of the busy city streets and the surrounding landscape. Let’s take you on a walk down the memory lane and present a couple of interesting facts about the Rialto Bridge. Read on!
Rialto Bridge History
Let’s begin with an interesting fact – until 1854, Rialto Bridge was the only bridge across the Grand Canal. The first bridge that was built over Grand Canal was the Pontoon Bridge in 12th century. This bridge succumbed to the heavy traffic and was soon replaced with a wooden structure. However, in 1444, this wooden structure also collapsed. After this, the Rialto Bridge was designed during the sixteenth century to replace that wooden structure. A competition was held to design its architecture. The best architects of that time, including Michelangelo and Palladio, submitted designs for building this bridge. However, the design suggested by Antonio da Ponte was finally selected.
Building the Bridge
The bridge took 3 long years to be completed. Lack of funds and other unstable circumstances delayed the construction. People grew critical of it as the merchants involved in its construction were making losses. However, the long wait was worth it; it’s been renowned as the architectural and engineering masterpiece of
Renaissance. It has inspired many artists and has been portrayed in paintings such as Miracle of the Relic of the Cross at the Ponte di Rialto.
Life Span Controversy
This bridge is a single span bridge, that is, it is anchored at both the ends with nothing to support the middle section. The engineers of the bridge were skeptical about the design. They predicted that this won’t last long. The design was considered an audacious one. But Antonio da ultimately silenced all his critics with this genius design.Today, the Rialto Bridge stands with elan and is a prime tourist attraction in Venice.
The amazing architecture of the Rialto Bridge has stood the test of time and continues to amaze the tourists. It has become the most visited and most photographed place in Venice.
Building a new home comes with mammoth expenses. However, if you plan wisely, you can cut down the extra costs without compromising on quality.
So, are you planning to build your dream home pretty soon? If that is so, we are here to help you. Over here we have jotted down a couple of pointers that will help you save money:
Dream home construction on budget
1. Set your Expectations
Before building your home, decide what you want. Do you want marble or granite floors? How many rooms do you want? What should be the layout? Setting your expectations help you to see what exactly you need.
2. Plenty of Research
First decide how you want your home to look like. Check Pinterest of home decor related profile and pages and home design magazines to get inspiration. You’ll find loads of budget homes that offer an unique blend of quality and aesthetic appeal.
3. Get a Good Architect
A good architect will help you configure the layout. It’s better to consult experts rather than putting your own concepts and regretting later.
4. Get the Right builder
Before you hire a builder, check the references. Going through some of their work will help you decide who’s the right builder for you. Keep the communication lines open and let them know your expectations before they start constructing.
5. Cost of Living in your Location
Check the cost of living in the area where you are constructing your home. Check whether the local grocery stores offer good deals or not. Also check the cost of commuting via public transport.
6. Shop Online
Shop online for home appliances. Buy from merchants offering free shipping.
7. Look for Discounts
You can visit your local stores and compare the prices of the fixtures you need for your home. You can always find the same thing at much lower prices.
8. Consult your Friends
Your friends might have some connections in the construction business. Using such connections can always help you cut down your budget.
9. Move Affordably
Find free packing boxes. Your local grocery store or friends might have it. Ask them to help you move. If you still need movers, find the one offering the best rates.
10. Don’t compromise on quality when purchasing home construction materials
TMT bars are one of the important materials used in residential construction as they’re used for concrete reinforcement. They’re earthquake resistant, have superior tensile strength and are corrosion resistant.
Hope you found these tips useful. We’ll keep posting such informative tips about home construction. So, stay tuned.
Vastu Shastra means the science of architecture. It is the study of directions, elements and energy. It’s been in use since decades – in the recent times, architects and interior designers are implementing the ancient wisdom of vastu to beautify homes and raise the energy levels.
Here’s a lowdown on 15 simple vastu guidelines that you can follow at your home.
#1. Place a water body at the North-East direction of your house. This brings prosperity to your house.
#2. Do not keep any mirrors in your bedroom. It is believed that mirrors break the harmony of your house. If you keep a mirror in your bedroom, keep it covered when you sleep.
#3. In the northern zones use wall colors of lighter shade. Lighter hues are said to foster peace and tranquility. Dark colors like red are good for the southern zones of house.
#4. Never keep artificial flowers or thorny plants in your house. These are said to attract negative energy. So, always keep fresh flowers in your house. Those looks great and refreshes the atmosphere as well.
#5. It is said that the sound of bells and chimes break away any kind of negative energy. So, keep a wind chime in your house. The idea is to avoid any loud or harsh sound that might disturb you.
#6. You can keep bowls filled with salt at different corners in your house. Salt absorbs negative energy.
#7. Pictures and posters of owl, eagle and crying woman are considered inauspicious. If you have them at your home, remove them.
#8. You can place an aquarium at the South-East corner of your living room. This drives away negative forces.
#9. Placing symbols such as Swastik and Om at the door is considered auspicious.
#10. If you keep your medicines in the kitchen, it is said to attract negative energies.
#11. Placing a lemon in a glass of water and changing it every Saturday will drive away negative energies from your house.
#12. Burn lamps or incense sticks in the morning and evening for cleansing the surroundings.
#13. Declutter your house. Cleanliness invites positive forces, whereas clutter only adds up to the chaos and confusion. Get rid of damaged pieces of furniture or utensils from your house.
#14. Do not stick the furniture items to the walls of your house. This blocks the flow of positive energy.
#15. Couples should avoid north east bedrooms.
Follow these simple steps and see how these transform your household. The steps provided here are simple and can be practiced easily. So why waiting? At least begin with a few steps and see the difference.
About TMT bars:
TMT bars, or thermo-mechanical treated bars follows a process that combines moulding, rolling and/or work hardening with heat-therapy all into a single process. It is one of the latest product in the steel industry which has high-grade properties such as amalgamating ability, bending ability, strength, better ductility and best quality at global level. By embracing thermo mechanically treatment process greater strength of TMT bars is acquired. In this procedure, steel bars go through instant cooling post rolling. While the temperature from outside is cooled suddenly to make the surface layer tough, simultaneously the internal core is hot. Tempering happens when the atmosphere is cooled from outside while the core is still hot. This procedure enhances steel properties providing it the much needed strength of TMT bars.
Why TMT bars:
TMT bars is an amalgamation of hard and strong properties which provides resistance to the steel. It has the right combination of strength and ductility. The carbon content has been decreased consistently resulting in improved properties of steel and and can also be limited to 0.2% to acquire welding expertise without losing any strength. The joint can be amalgamated by ordinary electrodes without any additional precaution.
How is it different from other ordinary steel?
One of the most unique quality of TMT bars is its property of reducing the volume of steel considerably along with the column size. These bars have the ability to reduce space by using less quantity of load bearing columns and structures. It also has a higher strength than normal bars, and it is for these reasons that TMT bars are being preferred over the normal ones. Some more unique qualities of TMT bars are mentioned below:
Given all its exclusive properties, TMT bars needs few precautions while being handled. Firstly, while buying these bars the identification mark should be kept in mind. Also, for huge projects it is advisable to verify that only one type of bar is used and is not mixed with multiple grades.
A house is only as strong as its foundation
And how do you guarantee a strong foundation? The answer is superior quality steel and concrete to make the house stand for years. Mentioned below are a few pointers that should be kept in mind in order to make the foundation of a house strong.
1) Soil Type
Soil type is extremely important when it comes to the foundation of a building. The soil should first be examined to check if it is soft or dry. Dry soil will make the foundation strong and stable and wet soil might affect the foundation in an adverse way. It’s always better to consult an engineer who can advise you in a proper way.
There was a time when homes across India were built with concrete slabs over a skeleton structure made with iron rods. However, the rods would start rusting soon after construction was over, affecting structural stability of the buildings in the long run, and requiring frequent repairs. Besides, the 1993 Latur earthquake, which leveled a village and its surrounding regions and caused more than 30,000 houses to collapse over their unfortunate occupants, made it clear as to how helpless people with such homes were in front of the wrath of nature. A solution was needed, and fast!