RCC Column transfers the maximum loads to the soil base directly from beams and slabs.
An entire building is complete stands on the columns of the building. To make a strong and good construction you must need to make the column properly, otherwise, it may raise construction failure. To know the steps of proper RCC column construction read the article.
This process has mainly four stages –
Step – 1
This is the very first step to construct the column. Practically the column location is decided in the field. As per the grinds of the drawing the column location is marked by lying rope.
After deciding the location, column reinforcement starts as per the structural drawing. In this step, the constructor checks the numbers and diameter of the bars. These bars are placed vertically and also check the distances between the bars and the stirrups. They also bend the hook properly.
This step is called the formwork of the column. The height of the construction floor kept 10 feet. But the concrete poured up to the bottom level of the beam if the slab is included in the beam. In construction drawing, if the beam height mentioned about 1″-6″ then column height and formwork must be 8′-6″.But the concrete dropping is not allowed more than 5 feet. This may cause segregation. So the formwork should be done within 5 feet. The casting will be done first then the rest part will be stated.
After completing the formwork, the fourth step will be started. In this step, the concrete will be poured into the column. This is done in two methods, one is manually and the other is using a machine or pump.
Important points you should follow during the concrete and after the concrete –
In the city lifestyle, you may miss the touch of nature. The fresh air and the greenery are always important in your life for a healthy lifestyle. It helps you to calm your mind and give refreshment. If you like to feel nearer to nature, there are some interior tricks for you. Using these tricks you can make a peaceful ambiance in your home. Follow these tricks –
1. Bring some plants all over your home
The first things which make you feel nature is plants and blossoms. So bring home some potted plants and put these all over your home. Now you get more beautiful pots for home. It also gives you home a nice look.
2. Put your favorite tree inside
Yes! You can bring your favourite trees to your home. Put them close to your window. It will give you fresh air and also make you feel the presence of nature.
3. Décor your home with natural things
You can also use natural things like stone, pebbles, wood for interior decoration. It gives your home an interesting look.
4. Natural floors
You can use bamboo, wood, cork to make natural floors. It gives your home a real natural look. Otherwise, you can use natural-looking tiles. Now you can find many variations and styles. It also helps you to give your home a natural and sophisticated look.
5. Natural lights
You can’t get the natural lights all the time. For a special event, you can décor with the help of some common lights in your plants and trees. And also try to make the windows large. This is important for more light and also for the fresh air.
6. Add some tropical twist to the decor
You can add some tropical beauty like orange, lemon, strawberries with your other plants. It will give a nice and more natural look. All climates are not great for all tropical. These need extra care and attention also.
7. Include the textured headboard
To add some natural texture and the brightness to your home decoration you can use the whitewashed headboard. You can use this as a focal point.
8. Art prints
You can use nature photographs or any natural art prints for wall decoration. These will give you calm and relax the mind.
9. Printed shower curtain for your washroom
You can use a well-printed curtain in your washroom. The nature print or jungle print curtain gives an interesting and fun look to your washroom.
From Burj Khalifa to the Empire State Building or the famous Brooklyn Bridge all are marvellous architecture. The world has more like these steel structures that we cannot include here. The look and history of these structures need no introduction to imply the significance, however, have you ever thought what makes the structures robust? Here is the answer, Structural Steel. This is the key material, which is helping the structures to stand for long long years. Here, in this blog post, we are going to talk about some wonderful yet important facts about this prime material of construction—
Fact-1: it can fight against all types of natural disasters
As it has high seismic-resistance, corrosion prevention and power to make a robust bond with other material, it is the best option to start the construction with. For these mentioned qualities, this steel can fight against any natural disasters and keep the construction in good condition for years.
Fact-2: it is fire-resistant
Apart from keeping the structures safe from natural disasters, it has the supreme power to keep it safe from fire attack, as it is made with fire-resistance power.
Fact-3: it does not grow mold
As steel is made with corrosion-resistant power, it will not be affected by mold, hence, building anything near a waterbody or in waterbody will not be affected. The material will protect it for years without growing mold. This is why structural steel is used in making ships as well.
Fact-4: it can take any shape
Have you ever imagined why making toy or house with soil is so easy? The answer is, you can shape the soil easily; the case is the same with this steel. You can shape it as you want. It has super bendability that will allow you to create anything according to your wish.
Hope you enjoy the reading about structural steel. It is a key material to build any structure and the supreme powers of this material make it an indispensable item for construction as well. SRMB steel is a renowned steel manufacturer of India that can be the best, trusted steel supplier to make your construction robust. To know more about the brand, don’t forget to click on the web address.
Water is considered to be one of the significant natural resources on which the entire world depends upon. But currently, various parts of the world are encountering accelerating dearth of water resources. In this scenario, decent management of water has become mandatory and it can be assured by employment of offbeat water sources. These days, Rainwater harvesting has become steadily empirical as offbeat water source which has been employed in various places of the world.
What is rainwater harvesting???
Now the question is what rainwater is harvesting. Rainwater harvesting, is the method where the rainwater is accumulated from the surface which precisely receives rain and preempted towards the storage tank and this reserved water can be employed when needed. Rainwater harvesting is becoming an progressively significant water conservation procedure for the apartments and can lead to compelling savings.
Rainwater harvesting: A competent procedure of conserving water at the apartment
Now, individuals need to have a concept which is the considerable process for harvesting rainwater at the apartments. Rooftop rainwater harvesting is the compelling and competent procedure of harvesting rainwater for the apartments. At its easiest, harvesting rainwater from apartment roof-tops is a convenient and eco-amiable process. Roof-top rainwater harvesting includes preempting and reserving the rainwater that gets received on the roof of apartment.
A route is needed to direct rainwater gathered from rooftops to storage tanks. One or more down-pipes are linked to gutters to carry rainwater from terrace. The gutter’s size need to be in accordance to the flow at the time of the maximum force of rain. Rooftop rainwater harvesting is in demand as it is quite convenient to gather rainwater receiving on rooftop. In rooftop harvesting, the terrace becomes the catchments, and the rainwater is gathered from the terrace of the apartments. It can either be reserved in a tank or preempted to artificial recharge system by means of gutter. Rainwater storage tanks gather all refined rainwater which can be employed for the purpose of car cleaning, gardening, washing walkways and sideways of apartment etc.
Rooftop rainwater harvesting is considered to be the compelling process of harvesting rainwater for apartments. Various advantages are associated with rooftop rainwater harvesting. It conspicuously advocates both energy and water management. This technique alleviates the flooding on roads at the apartment. It is reasonable, convenient to materialize and demand minimum maintenance. Necessarily rooftop rainwater harvesting abates the usage of edible water for various purposes. This system can minimize water consumption by as much as thirty percentages. It significantly advocates water conservation and saves money on water bills.
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Do you have plans to paint your entire building but not certain how much paint do you need? If so, this blog is for you, as it tells you the way to figure out the exact quantity of paint. However, you should remember that the quantity of paint that you need would mainly count on the space as well as its size you are going to paint. This means that the walls, ceilings, windows, doors, trim, etc., will need a different quantity of paint. Therefore, first, you need to decide the rooms to be painted and to estimate their size prior to going to the paint store. This is for the reason that when you run out of a custom paint color halfway through the work, it could mean failure.
If you are going to paint a room, it is essential to consider its walls, ceiling, doors, and windows. You should first measure the perimeter of the room and multiply it by 2 and the ceiling height to get the area to be painted. Then, measure the area of the doors and windows and subtract the result from the area of walls.
Usually, with a gallon of paint, you will be capable of painting an area of 400 square feet for a single coat. Therefore, buy the paint according to the area you measured. Here, you should remember that paint coverage would be affected by the texture and porosity of the surface. Additionally, bright colors may need a minimum of two coats.
For painting the ceilings, the same calculation of paint, that is, one gallon is required for 400 square feet, holds good. Measure the area of the ceiling in a room and buy the paint accordingly. Usually, ceilings will need around two quarts of paint. An even finish is suggested to avoid surface flaws.
While painting windows, doors, and trim, the windowpane part that need not be painted, should allow for sufficient paint for any trim around windows and doors. Find out the baseboard trim by taking the outer limits of the room, minus 3 feet for each door and multiply this by the average trim breadth of your baseboard. Now, add the area for windows, doors, and baseboard trim. You can then buy the paint according to the required area to be painted.
Whatever area in your building that you are going to paint, it is better to ventilate it. Keep the outside door or windows in the room you are painting open in order to avoid breathing harmful fumes.
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We know it has been many years that you are dreaming about your own home, however, getting the right land at your budget and gathering money to build the structure is not an easy thing to do. There are many people like you who are going through the same issue, looking for a place to build their home, which will be near to their workplace and well connected to hospitals, schools and transport stations. The affordable housing plan is a game-changer in the modern real estate sector that can help you with building your own home. Here are some essential factors related to housing that you should know—
Get your home loan at the minimum interest: When people think of building their home, money is the first and foremost thing that makes them worried, by following a housing loan process, you can easily solve the tension. The government’s “Affordable Housing Fund” will give you the required money to make your home at the cheapest interest rate. You can seek help to the External Commercial Borrowings, National Housing Banks etc. for a home loan.
In the present time, the interest for a home loan is reduced to 10%-8.3% and it can be expected that in the coming years, it will be lowest. Therefore, getting the money is not a headache these days, all you need to do is applying for a home loan.
It will be a safe investment: Are you worried about thinking that it will be a wrong investment? No, certainly not. With the launch of REITs and RERA, building home is a wise investment for your lifetime. These two policies will make you confident about investing in your home. If anything happens with your investment, you will be protected by the laws with cent percent of investment in all of your real estate investments.
Besides, the introduction of GST is increasing the clarity in taxes and giving the best time to invest in real estate in India.
Build your home in an ever-growing city: With the safety of REITA and RERA, you can build your dream home in any city of India. And there are many growing cities in our country, Kolkata is one of them. If you are planning to choose this city to start your dream home project, you are making the wisest decision.
Housing loans with the cheapest interest is making home building easy for all. You can enjoy the benefits of a housing loan by paying less interest. Wishing you all the best in your home building journey!
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Strength and ductility are the most important characteristics of TMT bar to be considered. They will not only provide the building with enough load-bearing capacity but also a long-lasting life to it.
The strength of the TMT bar is defined as the amount of stress the material can bear up before failing or breaking.
Ductility refers to the level to which the TMT bar can be distorted plastically. It is the capability of the material to be drawn or deformed without breakage.
Knowing both the strength as well as the ductility of TMT bar is vital for the reason that they have an impact on the manufacture and exploit of TMT bar. However, there is a difference between the tensile strength and the yield strength of TMT bar. The biggest one is that tensile strength is catastrophic, while the yield strength is only a permanent warp.
Yield strength is the utmost stress that is applied before the TMT bar starts to change its shape permanently. This is the rough calculation of the stretchy limit of the TMT bar. If stress is applied to the bar but it does not attain the yield point, it will resume its original form after the removal of stress. When the stresses go beyond the yield point, the TMT bar will not be capable of bouncing back. Yield strength of the TMT bar represents the greater limit of the load that can be applied safely to it, which makes it a vital number to know while designing components.
The ductility of the TMT bar mainly counts on the elongation. It is actually the percentage of elongation from the original length of the metal to the point of collapse. Ductility is the ability of the TMT bar to be elongated without becoming weaker or more brittle during the process. Moreover, ductility in TMT bar is closely associated with work hardening. The more ductile the TMT bar is, the more formable the produce is. Elongation is a superior measurement to consider while deciding whether you are choosing the correct product for your project.
Even though the strength of TMT bar is an extremely important factor to consider, you are not supposed to make your own decision based solely on it. You are also supposed to take the yield point as well as the ductility of TMT bar into account if you would like to buy the highest quality and durable bar. It is also wise to know the difference between tensile strength and the yield points, as well as the elongation percentage of TMT bar.
Have decided to construct a house? Make a Project Brief stating the style and type of your house. How to formulate this? Here are some useful tips for you…
Include Every Person
For formulating a Project Brief, call every family member together. You should include everyone having interest in the construction – wives, husbands and even the children. Prepare your wish list.
For preparing the wish list, you must have some ideas. You should visit a few finished houses or consult architecture books, catalogues, and professional magazines and search the internet to acquire ideas.
Decide on House Type
To prepare the wish list, it is important to know the kind of house to be built as every type has its special requirements.
Not sure about the house type? Design the house in a manner that it can be expanded in future.
How Many Rooms to be Built
Plan room size and how many rooms you want to built. You should also think of the size of overall structure, its features and key functions and inter-relation of spaces.
Decide on the Style of the House
Do you know style of a house determines its cost? Design and style of a house will also determine ventilation and how much natural light can enter the house. Here are a number of popular house styles –
A house with open terraces, big pillars, arches and pantheon roof depicts this style.
Traditional style houses have dormers, gables and columns like Colonial style homes. They are mostly of two-storey with symmetrical spacing windows and very little ornamentation. Plans of the interior of these traditional houses consist of a central entrance with rooms on both sides.
Contemporary style homes are clean, simple, bright and have uncluttered look. Common characteristics of such homes are gabled or flat roofs, open floor plans, large windows without any decorative trim and asymmetrical shapes. These houses are made of wood, bricks, stones or stuccos.
After preparing the wish list, how much it is actually possible to give a house its real shape. Assess the budget and keep in mind that there will be unforeseen costs and constraints.
Thus, these are a few things to remember while preparing a Project Brief.
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Whenever a building collapses, whether it is old, during or after construction, under repair, or during natural vulnerabilities, such as cyclone or earthquake, it will send waves of shakes in the minds of the public. People start wondering, can such a disaster happen with them and their family. Of course, there is no basis to be scared, as the rate of collapse of new buildings to the existing ones is negligible. However, you cannot remain neglectful, as it proves lethal and upsetting for you as well as for your whole family. Thus, this is the correct time to know and identify the reasons for the building collapse and to take preventive and corrective measures if it is applicable to you.
1. Flaws in drawings and design
The effective and strong structural, as well as architectural design, is extremely vital for the excellent performance as well as for the low maintenance of the buildings. It is often observed that the building collapses because of the mistake in design. The inappropriate design decision will make the quality of construction worse and show the way to defects during the life of the building. Infringing code requirements in name of cheap or economical design disregarding its lasting effects is a faulty design and not a cost-effective design. It will certainly attract problems.
2. Use of low-quality building materials
Low-quality building materials are those that do not meet the specifications, that is, they will be a lack in physical properties, such as density, weight, etc., and size, lack of chemical properties, or inferior specifications. The use of these materials will definitely decrease the load-bearing capacity of the building. This means that the building will not have the required strength to bear the load. Therefore, one of the major reasons for the building collapse is because of the use of inferior building materials, rather than using high quality SRMB building materials.
3. Insufficient supervision and defective execution
Some of the major reasons that can lead to the low quality of building work include:
These deficiencies will certainly decrease the load-bearing ability of the building in terms of vigor. It will reduce the toughness as well as the life of the building. This, in turn, will cause the building collapse partially or fully after construction, owing to lack of homogeneity and integrity.
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The task of buying your dream house will be probably the single hardest thing you will do in your life. The documents both legal and formal are massive and can give any novice a severe headache. The need to get a lawyer is probably the best decision you will make if you plan on buying a property.
In most of the online websites which are directed to people planning on procuring a property talks about how clearance certificate, builders certificate, change of ownership certificate but very few speak Encumbrance certificate.
The certificate we are going to talk about in this blog is one of the essential papers you will need while closing a deal. The document called encumbrance certificate states whether the property in question has any financial or legal liabilities on it. In many cases, we found that the seller already took a loan using the property as a tangible asset. Such transactions get mentioned on the mentioned certificate. The document is quite essential if you plan on buying a house after getting a home loan. The report contains all the necessary pieces of information involving any transactions on the property and helps the bank to point out any liabilities of the property. Generally, banks ask for Encumbrance certificate dated back to ten to fifteen years. We radically advise all our readers to get the Encumbrance certificate from your seller while applying for the home loan to fasten the process.
Limitation of the document: However, there are some limitations to the certificate; the document in question keeps a record of all formally registered transactions and does not keep track of purchases not registered, thus creating a loophole. For example, when a property gets passed from one person to another through will or inheritance, the transactions do not get mentioned on the certificate.
How to acquire? People who have acquired property through inheritance can quickly get their hands on an Encumbrance certificate by applying for the document once they register their property legally. The sub-registrar office is the place where a homeowner goes to register his property lawfully and get a certificate quickly. There are few states in India, where one can apply for the document online and get a digital certificate within a few days delivered to their home. After applying for the document, people from authorized bodies inspect the property documents of the last fifteen years, and once they don’t find any faults or liabilities, they issue the certificate to the concerned within thirty days.
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